Variable Stars

Proxima Centauri

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nearest star to earth,closest star to the sun

Proxima Centauri, also known as Alpha Centauri C, is the closest star to Earth. It is located in the constellation Centaurus.

The star lies at a distance of only 4.243 light years from Earth. The name Proxima means “next to” or “nearest to” in Latin. Proxima’s distance to the second and third closest stars to the Sun, Alpha Centauri A and Alpha Centauri B, is 0.237 ± 0.011 light years.

Proxima Centauri is very likely the third component of the Alpha Centauri system, but the star’s orbital period may be more than 500,000 years.
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V838 Monocerotis

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v838 monocerotis,light echo

V838 Monocerotis is a red variable star also known as Nova Monocerotis 2002, located in the constellation Monoceros.

The star lies at a distance of around 20,000 light years from Earth. It became famous in 2002, when it had a major outburst and briefly became one of the largest stars known and one of the most luminous stars in the Milky Way, with a luminosity about 600,000 times that of the Sun.
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Cygnus X-1

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cygnus x-1

Cygnus X-1 is a galactic X-ray source located in the northern constellation Cygnus. The X-ray source is believed to be a stellar mass black hole, one created from the collapse of a massive star about 5 to 6 million years ago. It is one of the strongest sources of X-ray emissions discovered and was the first X-ray source that was widely accepted to be a black hole candidate.
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