The Quadrantids are an annual meteor shower occurring in the first week of January. Quadrantid meteors can be seen from January 1 to 6 and the shower usually peaks on January 3 with a zenithal hourly rate of up to 120 meteors. The Quadrantid meteor shower is best seen from the northern hemisphere, but can be observed anywhere north of 51 degrees south latitude.
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The Geminids are an annual meteor shower that usually occurs from December 7 to 17 and peaks around December 13 or 14.
The Geminids typically have a zenithal hourly rate of 75 or more meteors. The meteor shower is produced by 3200 Phaethon, an object long suspected to be a Palladian asteroid that has an unusual orbit, one that takes it closer to the Sun than any other named asteroid.
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The Perseid meteor shower is an annual meteor shower that occurs from July 23 to August 20. The meteor shower is associated with the comet Swift-Tuttle. It peaks around August 12-13 every year.
The Perseids are also sometimes called the “tears of St. Lawrence” because they peak near the date of the saint’s martyrdom, August 10.
The shower’s name is partly derived from the Greek Περσείδες (Perseides), a term from Greek mythology meaning “the sons of Perseus.” The meteor shower is associated with Perseus because the radiant, or the point from which the Perseids appear to come in the sky, is located in the direction of Perseus constellation. The name Perseids is pronounced /ˈpɜrsiːɨdz/.
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